E-Filing: Benefits, How-Tos, and Common Queries


Electronic filing, commonly known as E-File, is the process of submitting tax returns electronically through approved tax preparation software or directly on tax authority websites like the IRS. This method offers convenience, speed, and accuracy, making it increasingly popular among taxpayers. In this article, we’ll delve into the various aspects of electronic filing, its advantages, limitations, and key takeaways. Discover why E-File has revolutionized tax filing and how to make the most of it.

Understanding electronic filing (E-file)

Electronic filing, often referred to as E-File, is the modern way of submitting tax returns over the internet. It involves using tax preparation software that has been preapproved by the relevant tax authority, such as the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) or the Canada Revenue Agency. The key benefits of E-File include convenience, efficiency, and speed in processing tax refunds, ultimately reducing delays in the tax filing process.

Electronic filing (E-file) options

Taxpayers have several options for E-Filing their returns:

  • Directly on the IRS website, using fillable forms through IRS Free File.
  • Utilizing IRS software partners’ free e-filing services through IRS Free File for those with an adjusted gross income of $73,000 or less in 2021.
  • Employing tax preparation software with e-filing functionality.
  • Hiring tax professionals who use similar software.

The IRS Free File site assists taxpayers in finding an authorized e-filing provider in their area, ensuring they have multiple choices to simplify their tax filing process.

Advantages of electronic filing

E-Filing offers several advantages:

  • Efficiency: E-Filing reduces errors by transmitting data directly to the tax agency’s computers, minimizing input errors.
  • Accuracy: It helps in reducing taxpayer calculation errors and missing entries.
  • Speed: Taxpayers who e-file and provide direct deposit information can expect to receive their refunds within 21 days if there are no issues with their tax return.
  • Acceptance or rejection notices: E-Filing provides quick feedback, with acceptance or rejection notices within 24 to 48 hours of transmitting the tax return.

Acceptance indicates that the documents are received and in the system, while rejection alerts the taxpayer about necessary corrections. There’s usually a five-day grace period for making corrections and resubmitting the return if it’s rejected after the tax due date.

Limitations on e-filing

While E-Filing offers numerous advantages, there are some limitations to be aware of:

  • The IRS recommends that only taxpayers comfortable with their tax situation e-file without professional assistance.
  • IRS Free File is available only for returns for the most recent tax year.
  • Prior-year returns can be filed electronically by registered tax preparers for up to two years.
  • The IRS accepts e-filed returns for the most recent year until a November cutoff date, similar to paper returns.
  • E-File rejections can occur due to mistakes in social security numbers, identification numbers, omitted forms, or misspelled names.

If errors do occur, returns can usually be e-filed again once corrections are made. In case of persistent issues, taxpayers can opt for paper filing.

Additional e-filing options

Aside from the traditional E-Filing methods, some other options are gaining popularity:

  • Mobile apps: Several tax preparation apps allow users to E-File directly from their smartphones, providing a convenient way to file taxes on the go.
  • Third-party platforms: Various third-party platforms offer E-Filing services, often bundled with additional financial management tools and resources.
  • Certified tax professionals: Certified tax professionals or accountants are increasingly adopting E-Filing methods, offering personalized assistance to individuals or businesses for more complex tax situations.

The future of e-filing

The landscape of E-Filing is continuously evolving, and several trends indicate the future direction:

  • Blockchain integration: There’s ongoing exploration in integrating blockchain technology for secure, transparent, and tamper-proof tax transactions, potentially revolutionizing the E-Filing process.
  • AI-powered tax filing: Artificial intelligence is being incorporated into tax preparation software, streamlining the process, providing more accurate suggestions, and reducing the margin of error.
  • Enhanced security measures: Continuous efforts are being made to enhance the security features of E-Filing systems to safeguard taxpayers’ sensitive information against cyber threats.


Electronic filing, or E-File, has revolutionized the way taxpayers submit their tax returns. With its numerous benefits such as efficiency, accuracy, and speed, it’s no wonder that E-Filing is becoming increasingly popular. However, it’s essential to be aware of the limitations and take necessary precautions to ensure a smooth tax filing experience. Whether you choose IRS Free File, tax preparation software, or professional assistance, E-Filing offers a convenient and reliable method for handling your tax returns.

Frequently asked questions

What are the security measures in place for E-Filing?

E-Filing platforms employ stringent security measures to protect sensitive taxpayer information. These measures often include encryption protocols, secure data transmission, multi-factor authentication, and constant monitoring for potential threats.

Are there any costs associated with E-Filing?

While many options for E-Filing are free, some tax preparation software or professional services might involve charges. Reviewing the IRS Free File options or similar services can help in finding no-cost solutions based on income eligibility.

Can I file taxes jointly through E-Filing?

Absolutely, E-Filing allows for joint filing for couples or individuals sharing a tax responsibility. Most E-Filing platforms accommodate joint filing and offer specific sections to enter details for both partners.

Is there a limit to the size of the tax return that can be E-Filed?

E-Filing usually handles extensive returns without issues. However, some platforms might have restrictions on the number of supporting documents that can be attached. Taxpayers with complex returns might need to consider software or professional services that can handle larger or more intricate filings.

What if I make an error in my E-Filed return?

If you discover an error in your E-Filed return, you can usually file an amended return to rectify mistakes. Most E-Filing platforms offer procedures for correcting errors or updating information in previously submitted returns.

Is E-Filing available for all types of tax forms and situations?

While E-Filing covers a wide range of tax forms and situations, some specific circumstances might require paper filing. For instance, certain tax credits, deductions, or complex tax situations might be better handled through professional assistance or specialized software.

Key takeaways

  • E-Filing, or Electronic Filing, is the process of submitting tax returns electronically, offering convenience and speed in tax filing.
  • Taxpayers have multiple E-Filing options, including IRS Free File, tax preparation software, and hiring professionals.
  • Advantages of E-Filing include efficiency, accuracy, and quick refund processing, with acceptance or rejection notices provided promptly.
  • Limitations include the need for comfort with your tax situation, availability of IRS Free File, and potential rejections due to errors.
View article sources
  1. What is E-Filing? – Michigan Legal Help
  2. Electronic filing system, bureaucratic efficiency and public … – International Growth Centre
  3. E-Filing | Garfield Heights Municipal Court – Garfield Heights Municipal Court