Gartley Pattern: Definition, Examples, and Application


The Gartley pattern, a widely used harmonic chart pattern in technical analysis, is based on Fibonacci numbers and ratios. This pattern assists traders in identifying reaction highs and lows, providing insights into both the timing and magnitude of price movements. In this article, we delve into the Gartley pattern’s definition, application, and real-world examples, offering a comprehensive guide to this essential tool for traders.

Gartley Pattern: A comprehensive guide

Traders and investors often rely on technical analysis to make informed decisions in the financial markets. one key tool in their arsenal is the Gartley pattern, a harmonic chart pattern that’s derived from Fibonacci ratios and can help identify significant price turning points. In this guide, we’ll explore the Gartley pattern in-depth, from its definition and key takeaways to real-world examples and how to use it effectively in your trading strategies.

What is the Gartley pattern?

The Gartley pattern, named after its creator H.M. Gartley, is a harmonic chart pattern that was introduced in 1935 in the book “Profits in the Stock Market.” this pattern is the most commonly used harmonic chart pattern and is based on Fibonacci numbers and ratios. Larry Pesavento later incorporated Fibonacci ratios into the pattern in his book “Fibonacci Ratios with Pattern Recognition.”

At its core, the Gartley pattern is a tool that helps traders identify reaction highs and lows in price movements, aiding in the prediction of potential trend reversals. the pattern is particularly valuable for traders who employ technical analysis to make decisions in the financial markets.

The Gartley pattern explained

The Gartley pattern is the most common harmonic chart pattern, and it operates on the premise that Fibonacci sequences can be used to create geometric structures in price movements, such as breakouts and retracements. Fibonacci ratios are prevalent in nature and have become a popular focus among technical analysts, who use various Fibonacci tools like retracements, extensions, fans, clusters, and time zones in their analysis.

Many technical analysts use the Gartley pattern in conjunction with other chart patterns or technical indicators to gain a more comprehensive view of market trends. for instance, the Gartley pattern may provide a long-term overview of where prices are likely to move, while traders focus on executing short-term trades in line with the predicted trend. The breakout and breakdown price targets can also serve as support and resistance levels, assisting traders in their decision-making process.

One of the key advantages of harmonic chart patterns like the Gartley is that they offer specific insights into both the timing and magnitude of price movements. This can be a game-changer for traders, as it goes beyond merely predicting the direction of price movement.

It’s worth noting that other geometric chart patterns, such as Elliott Waves, make similar predictions about future price trends based on the appearance of price movements and their relationships.

Identifying Gartley patterns

Here’s how the Gartley pattern is structured:

In the Gartley pattern, you’ll typically see an uptrend from point 0 to point 1, followed by a price reversal at point 1. Using Fibonacci ratios, the retracement between point 0 and point 2 should be around 61.8%. At point 2, the price reverses again toward point 3, and this retracement should be approximately 38.2% from point 1. At point 3, the price reverses to point 4, and at point 4, the pattern is complete. Buy signals are generated, with an upside target that matches point 3, point 1, and a 161.8% increase from point 1 as the final price target. Often, point 0 is used as a stop-loss level for the overall trade. Keep in mind that these Fibonacci levels don’t need to be exact, but the closer they are, the more reliable the pattern becomes.

It’s important to note that there is also a bearish version of the Gartley pattern, which is essentially the inverse of the bullish pattern. The bearish Gartley pattern predicts a bearish downtrend with various price targets when the pattern is completed at the fourth point.

Real-world example of a Gartley pattern

Let’s take a look at a real-world example of a Gartley pattern in action, using the AUD/USD currency pair:

In the chart above, you can observe the Gartley pattern, followed by a bullish move higher. Point X, which is at 0.70550, could be used as a stop-loss point for the trade. The take-profit point could be set at Point C, which is about 0.71300.

How to effectively use the Gartley pattern in trading

Now that we understand the basics of the Gartley pattern, it’s essential to explore how to use it effectively in your trading strategies. Here are some tips and insights for traders:

1. Combine with other tools

While the Gartley pattern is a valuable tool, it’s often most effective when used in conjunction with other technical analysis tools. Consider combining it with indicators like moving averages, oscillators, or support and resistance levels for a more comprehensive view of the market.

2. Practice and backtesting

Before implementing the Gartley pattern in live trading, practice and backtest your strategies. This helps you gain confidence in your ability to identify and trade the pattern effectively. Use historical price data to see how the pattern would have performed in past market conditions.

3. Risk management

Set clear stop-loss and take-profit levels when trading based on the Gartley pattern. This is crucial for managing risk and protecting your capital. Make sure your potential reward justifies the risk you’re taking.

4. Continuous learning

The world of trading is constantly evolving. Stay

updated with the latest market trends, economic events, and news that can impact your trading decisions. Continuous learning and adaptability are key to successful trading.

Real-world trading with the Gartley pattern

Now that we’ve explored the theory behind the Gartley pattern, let’s delve into real-world examples of how traders use this pattern to make informed decisions in the financial markets. These examples will illustrate its practical application in various asset classes and trading scenarios.

Example 1: Trading stocks with the Gartley pattern

Consider a scenario where an investor is analyzing a particular stock for a potential long-term investment. The stock has been on an uptrend, and the investor is looking for a suitable entry point. By applying the Gartley pattern, the investor identifies a bullish Gartley pattern formation. This signals a potential trend reversal and entry opportunity. The investor sets a stop-loss at Point 0 or X and takes profit at Point C. The Gartley pattern helps in establishing clear risk management for the trade, increasing the chances of a successful investment.

Example 2: Gartley patterns in forex trading

Forex traders often use the Gartley pattern to analyze currency pairs and make trading decisions. Let’s say a forex trader is monitoring the EUR/USD pair, which has experienced a series of price swings. Using the Gartley pattern, the trader identifies a bearish Gartley pattern. This pattern suggests a potential downtrend. The trader sets a stop-loss at Point 0 and a take-profit level at Point C. By integrating the Gartley pattern into their analysis, forex traders can make more informed and calculated trades in the currency markets.

Advanced tips for Gartley pattern analysis

To further empower traders and investors in their use of the Gartley pattern, let’s explore some advanced tips for pattern analysis and trade execution. These tips go beyond the basics and can help traders refine their strategies for improved results.

Advanced tip 1: Combining Gartley patterns with other harmonic patterns

Experienced traders often combine multiple harmonic patterns, such as the Gartley, Bat, and Butterfly patterns, to gain a more comprehensive view of potential price movements. By recognizing the confluence of different harmonic patterns, traders can make more accurate predictions about market trends and reversals.

Advanced tip 2: Applying Gartley patterns in options trading

Options traders can benefit from using the Gartley pattern to inform their trading strategies. When identifying a Gartley pattern in a stock, options traders can make decisions regarding the purchase of call or put options, depending on whether the pattern is bullish or bearish. This approach allows options traders to leverage the Gartley pattern to enhance their strategies in derivatives markets.

Advanced tip 3: Automation and algorithmic trading

In today’s fast-paced financial markets, algorithmic trading and automation play a significant role. Traders can program algorithms to scan multiple assets for Gartley pattern formations and execute trades automatically when the pattern is identified. This approach saves time and allows for quicker response to market opportunities, particularly in high-frequency trading environments.

Gartley pattern: A valuable tool in your trading arsenal

The Gartley pattern, rooted in the principles of Fibonacci ratios, is a versatile and powerful tool for traders and investors. Its ability to predict potential price reversals and provide clear entry and exit points makes it a valuable asset in any trading strategy. By understanding the structure of the Gartley pattern and exploring its real-world applications, traders can make more informed decisions and enhance their chances of success in the financial markets.


The Gartley pattern is a powerful tool in the hands of technical analysts and traders. By understanding this harmonic chart pattern, its structure, and how to use it effectively, you can enhance your decision-making processes and potentially improve your trading results. Remember to use the Gartley pattern in conjunction with other analysis tools, practice and backtest your strategies, and always prioritize risk management in your trades. With the right approach, the Gartley pattern can be a valuable asset in your trading toolkit.

Frequently asked questions

What is the purpose of the Gartley pattern in trading?

The Gartley pattern serves as a valuable tool for traders in identifying reaction highs and lows in price movements. It helps predict potential trend reversals and provides clear entry and exit points, making it an essential part of a trader’s toolkit.

How does the Gartley pattern differ from other harmonic chart patterns?

While there are various harmonic chart patterns, the Gartley pattern is one of the most commonly used ones. What sets it apart is its specific structure, based on Fibonacci ratios, and its ability to offer insights into both the timing and magnitude of price movements. This makes it unique and powerful in technical analysis.

Is the Gartley pattern effective for short-term and long-term trading?

Yes, the Gartley pattern can be useful for both short-term and long-term trading. It can provide a big-picture overview of where prices are likely to move over the long term, while traders can execute short-term trades in line with the predicted trend. This flexibility makes it suitable for various trading strategies.

What are some advanced techniques for using the Gartley pattern?

Advanced traders often combine Gartley patterns with other harmonic patterns, like the Bat and Butterfly patterns, to gain a more comprehensive view of potential price movements. Additionally, the pattern can be applied in options trading, allowing traders to make informed decisions about call or put options based on the pattern’s bullish or bearish nature.

How can traders automate the identification of Gartley patterns?

In fast-paced financial markets, traders can employ algorithmic trading to automatically scan multiple assets for Gartley pattern formations. When identified, the algorithm can execute trades, saving time and allowing for quicker responses to market opportunities, especially in high-frequency trading environments.

Key takeaways

  • Gartley patterns are the most common harmonic chart pattern, providing a reliable tool for technical analysts.
  • The Gartley pattern involves setting a stop-loss point at Point 0 or X and a take-profit point at Point C, aiding in risk management.
  • When using the Gartley pattern, it’s advisable to complement it with other forms of technical analysis to increase its reliability.
  • Harmonic patterns like the Gartley offer specific insights into both the timing and magnitude of price movements, enhancing traders’ decision-making processes.
View article sources
  1. Gartley Pattern in Technical Analysis [Harmonic Trading] – TradeVeda
  2. bearish gartley pattern rules – Best Forex Trading Signals … – Capital Salud EPS
  3. Gartley Pattern System – seplag-RJ