The International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC): What It Is, How It Works, and Real-World Examples


The International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) was a pivotal player in Abu Dhabi’s economy. Established in 1984, IPIC, a government-owned investment organization, managed the sovereign wealth fund for the United Arab Emirates (UAE). IPIC strategically invested in the global petroleum sector, spanning exploration, production, refining, and energy-related infrastructure. Its merger with the Mubadala Development Company in 2016 gave rise to the Mubadala Investment Company. This article offers a comprehensive exploration of IPIC’s mission, its contributions to the energy transition, and the significance of the merger, shedding light on its profound impact on the world of finance.

What is the International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC)?

The International Petroleum Investment Company (IPIC) emerged in January 1984 under the stewardship of the Abu Dhabi government. It assumed the role of managing Abu Dhabi’s sovereign wealth fund, becoming a cornerstone of the UAE’s economic landscape.

IPIC’s mission and purpose

IPIC’s core mission revolved around strategically investing in the petroleum sector. It aimed to stimulate economic growth, maximize returns for its stakeholders, and foster sustainable development within the energy industry. Additionally, IPIC contributed significantly to diversifying the UAE’s economy, ensuring a robust and multifaceted financial foundation.

IPIC’s global presence

IPIC transcended its origins in Abu Dhabi and established a substantial global presence. With investments spanning multiple continents, including Europe, Asia, the Americas, and the Middle East, the company focused on securing strategic petroleum assets and expanding its footprint in international energy markets.

Contributions to the energy transition

In recognition of the imperative transition towards sustainable energy practices, IPIC actively engaged in fostering change. The company invested in renewable energy projects, explored cleaner technologies, and supported initiatives that aligned with global environmental goals. These endeavors underscored IPIC’s commitment to the future of energy.

The merger with Mubadala Development Company

The year 2016 marked a significant milestone for IPIC when it merged with the Mubadala Development Company. This strategic decision, championed by the President of the UAE, led to the creation of the Mubadala Investment Company. This newly formed entity evolved into a global financial powerhouse for Abu Dhabi, boasting a diverse investment portfolio across more than 50 countries and 13 sectors.


Here is a list of the benefits and the drawbacks to consider.

  • Strategic Investment: IPIC strategically invested in the petroleum sector, contributing to economic growth.
  • Global Presence: With operations across multiple continents, IPIC diversified its investments.
  • Environmental Contributions: IPIC actively supported sustainable development by investing in renewable energy and cleaner technologies.
  • Mubadala Merger: The merger with Mubadala created one of the world’s largest sovereign wealth funds, expanding its financial reach.
  • Market Risks: Like any investment, IPIC faced market volatility and risks associated with the petroleum industry.
  • Complex Operations: Operating in multiple regions and sectors requires complex management and risk diversification.
  • Environmental Challenges: While supporting sustainable development, IPIC still faced challenges related to the environmental impact of the petroleum industry.

Frequently asked questions

What were some of IPIC’s significant investments?

IPIC was involved in various strategic investments across the globe. Notable investments included a stake in Cespa, a Spanish refiner, and a 24.9% ownership stake in Borealis, a leading provider of advanced and circular polyolefin solutions.

How did IPIC contribute to sustainable development?

IPIC recognized the importance of sustainable development and actively supported the energy transition. This included investments in renewable energy projects, exploration of cleaner technologies, and the promotion of initiatives aligned with environmental goals.

What is the current status of the Mubadala Investment Company?

As of the firm’s 2022 annual report, Mubadala Investment Company reported $1.015 trillion in assets under management. A significant portion of the firm’s investments, approximately 40%, was in the United States.

Key takeaways

  • IPIC, established in 1984, was entrusted with managing Abu Dhabi’s sovereign wealth fund.
  • The company strategically invested in the petroleum sector to promote economic growth and diversification.
  • IPIC operated on a global scale, with investments across Europe, Asia, the Americas, and the Middle East, emphasizing strategic petroleum assets and markets.
  • Committed to the energy transition, IPIC invested in renewable energy and cleaner technologies, aligning with environmental goals.
  • The merger with Mubadala Development Company led to the creation of Mubadala Investment Company, one of the world’s most substantial sovereign wealth funds.
View article sources
  1. The Political Economy of Sovereign Wealth Funds – Old Dominion University
  2. Sovereign Wealth Funds 2015 – Tufts University
  3. Consent Order – New York State Department of Financial Services
  4. What Companies Are in the Energy Field in 2023? – SuperMoney
  5. What Companies are in the Basic Industries Field? – SuperMoney