Named Perils Insurance: Explained, Customization, and Real-World Scenarios


Named perils insurance policies are a specific type of property coverage that offer protection for losses caused by predefined hazards or events. This article explores the ins and outs of named perils insurance, how it differs from all risks coverage, and when it might be a suitable option for homeowners and businesses.

Understanding named perils insurance policies

Named perils insurance policies, also known as specified perils insurance, are a type of property insurance that provide coverage for losses incurred due to specific hazards or events explicitly listed in the policy. These policies are designed to offer a more budget-friendly alternative to comprehensive or broad insurance policies, which typically provide coverage for a broader range of perils.

Homeowners or business owners can customize their named perils policies by selecting from a list of predefined perils to be covered. For instance, if a homeowner does not reside in an area prone to earthquakes or flooding, they may opt for a named perils insurance policy that includes coverage for perils like fire, theft, and hail, while excluding earthquake and flood coverage.

How a named perils insurance policy works

When an individual or business opts for a named perils insurance policy, they specify the hazards or risks they want to protect their property against. These named perils can include events such as theft, fire, natural disasters like hail, earthquakes, and flooding. It’s important to note that a named perils policy only covers the perils explicitly named in the policy.

For example, if a policyholder experiences a loss or damage due to a peril that is not listed in the policy, such as a flood, they would not be able to file a claim for it. The burden of proof in such cases is on the insured party to demonstrate that the loss is due to a peril covered by the policy.

On the other hand, when someone purchases an “all risks” or “open perils” policy, it automatically covers all perils unless they are specifically excluded from the policy.

Named perils insurance vs. all risks insurance

Insurance providers typically offer two primary types of property coverage: Named Perils and All Risks Insurance.

Below, we will delve into the differences between the two.

Named Perils Insurance All Risks Insurance
Coverage Covers specific perils explicitly listed in the policy. Covers all perils unless explicitly excluded in the policy.
Customization Policyholders can choose from a predefined list of perils to be covered. Policy does not require specific perils to be selected, as it covers all by default.
Exclusions Perils not mentioned in the policy are not covered. Excludes only perils explicitly listed as exclusions.
Cost Often more budget-friendly due to limited coverage. May come at a higher premium cost due to broader protection.
Common Use Used when specific, known risks are a concern. Preferred when a comprehensive range of perils needs coverage.

Special considerations

Common exclusions from all risks coverage may include perils such as earthquakes, war, government seizure or destruction, wear and tear, infestation, pollution, nuclear hazards, market loss, and more. Policyholders who require coverage for any excluded event under an all risks policy may have the option to pay an additional premium for a rider or floater, allowing them to include the peril in the policy.

Examples of named perils insurance

Understanding named perils insurance policies can be made more accessible with some practical examples. Let’s consider a few scenarios where these policies are valuable:

Example 1: A home in tornado alley

A homeowner residing in a region known for frequent tornadoes may choose a named perils policy that specifically covers tornado-related damages. In this case, the policyholder could customize their coverage to protect their property against tornadoes while excluding perils like earthquakes or wildfires, which are less relevant in their area.

Example 2: A business in a flood-prone area

Imagine a business operating near a river prone to flooding. In this scenario, the business owner could opt for a named perils insurance policy that includes coverage for flood-related damages but excludes risks like theft or vandalism, which may be less relevant for their business.

Example 3: A condominium with specific needs

Condominium associations often have unique insurance requirements. They may choose named perils coverage that focuses on specific perils that commonly affect condominiums, such as water damage from plumbing issues, structural damage, and liability coverage for injuries on the property.

Subheadings to enhance your understanding

Comparing named perils and all risks policies

While named perils and all risks insurance policies have their differences, it’s crucial to understand the benefits and limitations of each. This section will provide a more detailed comparison of these two types of coverage.

Customizing your named perils policy

One of the key advantages of named perils insurance is the ability to tailor your coverage to specific risks. We’ll explore how policyholders can customize their named perils policy to match their unique needs.

Additional considerations for all risks policies

If you’re leaning towards an all risks insurance policy, there are additional factors to consider. This section will delve into what you should be aware of when choosing a comprehensive policy.

Common exclusions in named perils policies

Named perils insurance policies often have specific exclusions. We’ll provide insights into the perils that are frequently excluded from these policies, helping you make an informed decision when customizing your coverage.

Is named perils insurance right for you?

Choosing between a named perils insurance policy and an all risks policy depends on your specific needs and circumstances. Consider the following factors when deciding:

Property location

Assess the location of your property. If you live in an area prone to certain perils, such as earthquakes or flooding, you may want to include coverage for those specific risks in your policy.


Consider your budget and how much you are willing to spend on insurance premiums. Named perils policies are often more cost-effective because they provide coverage for a limited set of risks.

Comprehensive coverage

If you seek comprehensive coverage that includes protection for a wide range of perils without worrying about exclusions, an all risks policy may be the better option for you.


If you prefer to tailor your insurance policy to your unique needs, named perils policies allow you to select the specific perils you want to cover.


Named perils insurance policies offer a valuable option for homeowners and businesses looking to protect their properties against specific risks. These policies provide a budget-friendly way to customize coverage according to your needs. However, it’s essential to carefully review the list of covered perils and ensure they align with your concerns.

If you prefer broader protection that covers all risks except those explicitly excluded, an all risks policy might be a better fit. Your decision should consider your property’s location, budget, and the level of customization you desire in your insurance coverage.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the common perils covered by named perils insurance policies?

Named perils insurance policies typically cover common hazards such as fire, theft, vandalism, hail, windstorms, and in some cases, specific natural disasters. The specific perils covered may vary depending on the insurance provider and policy terms.

Can I customize my named perils insurance policy with uncommon perils?

While named perils policies offer customization, adding uncommon or rare perils not listed in the policy can be challenging. Insurance providers may have limitations on the perils you can include, and adding uncommon perils may result in higher premiums or the need for specialized coverage.

Do named perils policies cover personal belongings within a property?

Named perils insurance typically extends coverage to personal belongings within the insured property. However, the extent of coverage for personal belongings may vary, and it’s important to review the policy to understand the specific terms and limits regarding personal property protection.

Is all risks insurance always more comprehensive than named perils insurance?

While all risks insurance offers broader coverage by default, it’s not always the best option for every situation. Named perils insurance can be a suitable choice for individuals or businesses looking to tailor their coverage to specific risks while keeping costs lower. The choice between the two depends on individual needs and circumstances.

What factors should I consider when comparing named perils and all risks insurance?

When comparing named perils and all risks insurance, consider factors like your property’s location, budget, the level of customization you desire, and the specific risks that concern you. Each type of insurance has its advantages, and the decision should align with your unique circumstances and priorities.

Key takeaways

  • Named perils insurance policies offer coverage for specific hazards or events explicitly listed in the policy.
  • All risks insurance policies cover all perils except those explicitly excluded from the policy.
  • Consider your property location, budget, and need for customization when choosing between named perils and all risks insurance.
View article sources
  1. Home insurance policies: All risk or named peril – tdi.texas
  2. Understanding Your Insurance Policy – SC Department of Insurance
  3. Homeowners Insurance Guide – DFR Vermont