Unraveling the Three White Soldiers Candlestick Pattern: A Comprehensive Guide


The three white soldiers, a powerful bullish candlestick pattern, signifies a potential trend reversal in a pricing chart. Comprising three consecutive long-bodied candlesticks, this pattern indicates a shift in market sentiment from bearish to bullish. To confirm its reliability, traders often look for additional technical indicators like the relative strength index (RSI). Learn how to identify, interpret, and trade the three white soldiers pattern in this comprehensive guide.

Understanding three white soldiers

The three white soldiers is a notable bullish candlestick pattern used to predict a reversal of a prevailing downtrend in a price chart. This pattern consists of three consecutive long-bodied candlesticks, each opening within the previous candle’s real body and closing above the previous candle’s high. Importantly, these candlesticks should exhibit minimal shadows and ideally open within the real body of the preceding candle within the pattern.

What do three white soldiers indicate?

The three white soldiers candlestick pattern suggests a significant shift in market sentiment concerning the underlying asset. When a candle closes with small or no shadows, it implies that bulls have maintained control throughout the trading session, closing the price near the session’s high for three consecutive days. Additionally, this pattern may be preceded by other candlestick patterns hinting at a reversal, such as a doji.

Consider the example of the VanEck Vectors Fallen Angel High Yield Bond exchange-traded fund (ETF). This ETF had been in a prolonged bearish trend before the appearance of the three white soldiers pattern, marking a sharp bullish reversal. However, traders should analyze other relevant factors, such as resistance levels and trading volume, before making trading decisions.

Example of how to trade three white soldiers

Traders often use the three white soldiers pattern as a signal to enter or exit positions. Those with short positions may choose to exit, while those looking to establish a bullish position see this pattern as an entry opportunity.

When trading based on the three white soldiers pattern, it’s crucial to be aware that strong upward moves can lead to temporary overbought conditions, with indicators like the RSI exceeding 70. In some instances, a brief consolidation period follows the pattern, but the short- and intermediate-term bias remains bullish. The significant upward movement may also encounter key resistance levels, resulting in consolidation before a further uptrend.

The difference between three white soldiers and three black crows

The three black crows candlestick pattern is the inverse of the three white soldiers. Three black crows consist of three consecutive long-bodied candlesticks that open within the real body of the previous candle and close lower than the previous candle. While three white soldiers signal a shift from bearish to bullish momentum, three black crows indicate bears taking control from the bulls. Similar considerations regarding volume and confirmation apply to both patterns.


Here is a list of the benefits and drawbacks to consider.

  • Potential for identifying trend reversals
  • Useful in various financial markets
  • Can be applied to different timeframes
  • Not infallible and may produce false signals
  • Effectiveness influenced by market conditions
  • Should be used in conjunction with other analysis methods

Limitations of using three white soldiers

It’s important to note that three white soldiers can appear during consolidation periods, potentially leading traders to misinterpret them as a continuation of the existing trend rather than a reversal. To address this limitation, traders often combine three white soldiers and other candlestick patterns with technical indicators like trendlines, moving averages, and bands. They may also consider factors such as upcoming resistance levels and trading volume to confirm the strength of a potential breakout. Trading patterns on low volume with nearby resistance may warrant caution, prompting traders to await further confirmation before entering a long position.

Frequently asked questions

Are three white soldiers the only candlestick pattern to indicate a bullish reversal?

No, while three white soldiers are a strong bullish reversal pattern, there are other candlestick patterns that can also indicate a potential reversal. Some examples include the bullish engulfing pattern and the hammer pattern. Each pattern has its unique characteristics and significance.

Can three white soldiers be used in isolation for trading decisions?

While three white soldiers are a valuable signal, it is advisable to complement their interpretation with other technical indicators and analysis methods. Relying solely on one pattern may lead to suboptimal trading decisions. Traders often consider factors like volume, trendlines, and support/resistance levels for confirmation.

Do three white soldiers work equally well in different financial markets?

The effectiveness of three white soldiers can vary across different financial markets and asset classes. It is essential to consider the specific characteristics and dynamics of the market you are trading. Traders often adapt their strategies based on the asset they are analyzing.

What is the historical success rate of three white soldiers as a reversal pattern?

The historical success rate of three white soldiers can vary. It is influenced by factors such as market conditions, timeframe, and the presence of other technical indicators. Traders should conduct thorough backtesting and analysis to assess the pattern’s performance in their chosen market.

Can three white soldiers be applied to intraday trading?

Yes, three white soldiers can be applied to intraday trading, but traders should adjust their strategies and timeframes accordingly. Intraday traders may use shorter timeframes for analysis and consider factors like volatility and liquidity in their decision-making process.

Key takeaways

  • Three white soldiers are considered a reliable reversal pattern when confirmed by other technical indicators like the relative strength index (RSI).
  • The size of the candles and the length of the shadows are used to gauge the risk of retracement.
  • The opposite pattern of three white soldiers is three black crows, which indicates a reversal of an uptrend.
  • Traders often combine the three white soldiers pattern with other technical indicators and analysis methods for more robust trading decisions.
  • Historical success rates of the pattern can vary depending on market conditions and timeframes, necessitating thorough analysis and adaptation.
View Article Sources
  1. A Statistical Analysis Of The Predictive Power Of Japanese Candlesticks – Fort Hays State University
  2. Introduction to Candlesticks History – Academia.edu
  3. The Impending End of the Credit Card Era – SuperMoney
  4. The ROI Of Helping Others: 10 Good Deeds That Paid Off – SuperMoney